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Cognitive

Effective treatment for youth anxiety disorders has lasting benefit

Posted March 3, 2014

A study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry found that the majority of youth with moderate to severe anxiety disorders responded well to acute treatment with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), medication (sertraline), or a combination of both. They maintained positive treatment response over a 6 month follow-up period with the help of monthly booster sessions.

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Specialized cognitive therapy improves blood sugar control in depressed diabetes patients

Posted February 25, 2014

Although maintaining good blood sugar control is crucial for avoiding complications of diabetes, it has been estimated that only about half of patients are successful in meeting target blood glucose levels. The prevalence of depression among diabetes patients – up to twice as high as in the general population – can interfere with patients’ ability to manage their diabetes. Now a group of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators report that a program of cognitive behavioral therapy that addresses both mood and diabetes self-care led to improved blood sugar control and produced faster relief of depression in patients with poorly-controlled type 2 diabetes.

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Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia can reduce health care utilization and costs

Posted February 16, 2014

A new study is the first to show decreases in health care utilization and costs following brief treatment with cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI). Results show that sleep improved in 86 percent of insomnia patients who completed at least three sessions of CBTI. In the six months following treatment, health care utilization decreased and health care-related costs were reduced by more than $200 on average among treatment completers.

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Cognitive training significantly improves mental functioning

Posted February 9, 2014

As people age, they often experience a decline in their mental functioning, but new research shows that a brief course of cognitive strength training can improve an older adult’s ability to reason and increase their processing speed for up to 10 years.

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Nutritional supplement improves cognitive performance in older adults, study finds

Posted February 7, 2014

A neuroscientist and gerontologist team up to investigate the effects of a antioxidant-rich nutritional supplement on the mental performance of older adults without impaired memory. An initial clinical trial indicates that the supplement, including blueberries and green tea extracts, improves cognitive processing speeds.

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Electroacupuncture decreases cognitive impairment and promotes neurogenesis in the APP/PS1 transgenic mice

Posted January 23, 2014

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a severe neurodegenerative disease for which there is currently no effective treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether repeated electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation would improve cognitive function and the pathological features of AD in amyloid precursor protein (APP)/presenilin 1 (PS1) double transgenic mice.

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In addiction, meditation is helpful when coupled with drug and cognitive therapies, study suggests

Posted December 30, 2013

Using a computational model of addiction, a literature review and an in silico experiment, theoretical computer scientist Yariv Levy and colleagues suggest in a new paper this week that rehabilitation strategies coupling meditation-like practices with drug and behavior therapies are more helpful than drug-plus-talk therapy alone when helping people overcome addiction.

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Mediterranean Diet Slows Cognitive Loss

Posted November 15, 2013

The type of diet older patients adhere to may affect cognitive outcomes, especially among patients at genetic risk for Alzheimer’s disease, researchers reported here.

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Mediterranean diet may protect against cognitive decline, depression and stroke: Meta-analysis

Posted October 29, 2013

Adherence to a Mediterranean diet may contribute to the prevention of a variety of conditions linked to the aging brain, including cognitive decline, depression and stroke, say researchers.

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Lowering blood sugar could help prevent cognitive declines: Study

Posted October 25, 2013

People with higher blood sugar levels are more likely to have memory problems, according to new research that suggests reducing levels of blood sugar could help to protect against cognitive declines.

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