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Dietary

Cognitive performance improved in older adults by nutritional supplement

Posted February 11, 2014

Declines in the underlying brain skills needed to think, remember and learn are normal in aging. In fact, this cognitive decline is a fact of life for most older Americans.

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Most Americans Still Falling Short of Dietary Whole Grain and Fiber Requirements

Posted February 6, 2014

It comes as no surprise that with all the sugarcoated cereals and pastries lining our supermarket shelves, that we in the U.S. are getting less than the recommended amounts of whole grains and dietary fiber. That’s the conclusion drawn by Marla Reicks, PhD., who led a new study (abstract here) at the University of Minnesota in St. Paul. Note her co-authors are all affiliated with General Mills, which funded the study.

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A double-blind, randomized clinical trial of dietary supplementation on cognitive and immune functioning in healthy older adults

Posted February 5, 2014

Declining cognitive function is relatively common and increasingly prevalent. Studies have shown that different nutrients (e.g., Ginkgo biloba and vitamin E) appear to be effective at improving memory and concentration, while less is known about their effect on immunity.

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Dietary Choices May Defeat Diabetes

Posted February 2, 2014

Flavanoids are a type of antioxidant – compounds shown to be effective in counteracting oxidative damage. Anthocyanins are a subgroup of flavanoids, for which a number of previous studies suggest beneficial health effects.

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Modulation of obesity-induced inflammation by dietary fats: mechanisms and clinical evidence

Posted January 29, 2014

Obesity plays a pivotal role in the development of low-grade inflammation. Dietary fatty acids are important modulators of inflammatory responses. Saturated fatty acids (SFA) and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have been reported to exert pro-inflammatory effects. n-3 PUFA in particular, possess anti-inflammatory properties. Numerous clinical studies have been conducted over decades to investigate the impact of dietary fatty acids on inflammatory response in obese individuals, however the findings remained uncertain.

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A versatile gut bacterium helps us get our daily dietary fiber

Posted January 21, 2014

University of British Columbia researchers have discovered the genetic machinery that turns a common gut bacterium into the Swiss Army knife of the digestive tract – helping us metabolize a main component of dietary fibre from the cell walls of fruits and vegetables.

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Versatile gut bacterium identified that helps us break down dietary fiber

Posted January 20, 2014

The human digestive tract is inhabited with roughly 100,000,000,000,000 microorganisms, which amazingly accounts for 50% of the weight of the contents of the lower digestive track. The daily caloric intake that comes from the breakdown of dietary fiber buyer gut bacteria approaches 10%. Researchers from the University of British Columbia, teamed up with the University of Michigan, the University of York and the Swedish Royal Institute of technology to discover how a common gut bacterium helps us metabolize a main component of dietary fiber from the cell walls of fruits and vegetables.

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Dietary fiber reduces asthma

Posted January 6, 2014

A high-fiber diet reduces the severity of allergic airway disease, including decreased lung inflammation, in mice according to a study published online in Nature Medicine. These findings highlight how diet can influence immune cell development and disease outside of the gut.

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Understanding how dietary habits are connected through the generations could have valuable benefits for community health

Posted December 24, 2013

The Taiwanese study assessed the relationship between the quality of children’s diets and that of their elders in a wide range of representative communities, generating findings that have international relevance.

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Dietary Amino Acids Improve Sleep Problems in Mice With Traumatic Brain Injury

Posted December 12, 2013

Scientists have discovered how to fix sleep disturbances in mice with traumatic brain injuries — a discovery that could lead to help for hundreds of thousands of people who have long-term and debilitating sleep and wakefulness issues after they suffer concussions.

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