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ADHD and ADD (Attention Deficit Disorders) – Treatment

Posted January 2, 2012

Best practices in adult ADHD: Neurobiology, pharmacology, and emerging treatments

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: d-methylphenidate, OROS methylphenidate, lisdexamfetamine, amphetamine salts, nonstimulant atomoxetine, norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor

Adler, L. A. 2008. Best practices in adult ADHD. Neurobiology, pharmacology, and emerging treatment. CNS Spectr 13 (9 Suppl 13):4.

Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Food supplements, omega-3, omega-6 fatty acids

Aben, A., and M. Danckaerts. [Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD]. Tijdschr Psychiatr 52 (2):89-97.

Nutritional aspects of attention-deficit/hyperactive disorder

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Quintero, J., J. Rodriguez-Quiros, J. Correas-Lauffer, and J. Perez-Templado. 2009. [Nutritional aspects of attention-deficit/hyperactive disorder]. Rev Neurol 49 (6):307-12.

Effects of an open-label pilot study with high-dose EPA/DHA concentrates on plasma phospholipids and behavior in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid

Sorgi, P. J., E. M. Hallowell, H. L. Hutchins, and B. Sears. 2007. Effects of an open-label pilot study with high-dose EPA/DHA concentrates on plasma phospholipids and behavior in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Nutr J 6:16.

Effect of stimulant medication on driving performance of young adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A preliminary double-blind placebo controlled trial

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Stimulants

Cox, D. J., R. L. Merkel, B. Kovatchev, and R. Seward. 2000. Effect of stimulant medication on driving performance of young adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a preliminary double-blind placebo controlled trial. J Nerv Ment Dis 188 (4):230-4.

Effect of micronutrients on behavior and mood in adults With ADHD: evidence from an 8-week open label trial with natural extension.

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Micronutrients

Rucklidge, J., M. Taylor, and K. Whitehead. Effect of micronutrients on behavior and mood in adults With ADHD: evidence from an 8-week open label trial with natural extension. J Atten Disord 15 (1):79-91.

Do dietary interventions improve ADHD symptoms in children?

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Ballard, W., M. N. Hall, and L. Kaufmann. Clinical inquiries. Do dietary interventions improve ADHD symptoms in children? J Fam Pract 59 (4):234-5.

Effects of megavitamin therapy on children with attention deficit disorders

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Megavitamins

Haslam, R. H., J. T. Dalby, and A. W. Rademaker. 1984. Effects of megavitamin therapy on children with attention deficit disorders. Pediatrics 74 (1):103-11.

Effects of a restricted elimination diet on the behaviour of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (INCA study): a randomised controlled trial.

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Pelsser, L. M., K. Frankena, J. Toorman, H. F. Savelkoul, A. E. Dubois, R. R. Pereira, T. A. Haagen, N. N. Rommelse, and J. K. Buitelaar. Effects of a restricted elimination diet on the behaviour of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (INCA study): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 377 (9764):494-503.

Effects of a few food diet in attention deficit disorder

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Carter, C. M., M. Urbanowicz, R. Hemsley, L. Mantilla, S. Strobel, P. J. Graham, and E. Taylor. 1993. Effects of a few food diet in attention deficit disorder. Arch Dis Child 69 (5):564-8.

Effect of Micronutrients on Behavior and Mood in Adults With ADHD: Evidence From an 8-Week Open Label Trial With Natural Extension.

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Micronutrients

Rucklidge, J., M. Taylor, and K. Whitehead. Effect of micronutrients on behavior and mood in adults With ADHD: evidence from an 8-week open label trial with natural extension. J Atten Disord 15 (1):79-91.

Does zinc moderate essential fatty acid and amphetamine treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder?

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Evening primrose oil, rich in gamma-linolenic acid

Arnold, L. E., S. M. Pinkham, and N. Votolato. 2000. Does zinc moderate essential fatty acid and amphetamine treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 10 (2):111-7.

Does stimulant therapy of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder beget later substance abuse? A meta-analytic review of the literature

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Stimulants

Wilens, T. E., S. V. Faraone, J. Biederman, and S. Gunawardene. 2003. Does stimulant therapy of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder beget later substance abuse? A meta-analytic review of the literature. Pediatrics 111 (1):179-85.

Dietary sensitivities and ADHD symptoms: Thirty-five years of research

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Stevens, L. J., T. Kuczek, J. R. Burgess, E. Hurt, and L. E. Arnold. Dietary sensitivities and ADHD symptoms: thirty-five years of research. Clin Pediatr (Phila) 50 (4):279-93.

Diet and ADHD: is there a relationship?

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Bendelius, J. 2003. Diet and ADHD: is there a relationship? School Nurse News 20 (2):14-5.

Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and other health supplements

Weber, W., and S. Newmark. 2007. Complementary and alternative medical therapies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism. Pediatr Clin North Am 54 (6):983-1006; xii.

Omega-3 fatty acid treatment of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Omega-3 fatty acid

Belanger, S. A., M. Vanasse, S. Spahis, M. P. Sylvestre, S. Lippe, F. L’Heureux, P. Ghadirian, C. M. Vanasse, and E. Levy. 2009. Omega-3 fatty acid treatment of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Paediatr Child Health 14 (2):89-98.

Old and new controversies in the alternative treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Rojas, N. L., and E. Chan. 2005. Old and new controversies in the alternative treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 11 (2):116-30.

Nutrition in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A neglected but important aspect

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Schnoll, R., D. Burshteyn, and J. Cea-Aravena. 2003. Nutrition in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a neglected but important aspect. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 28 (1):63-75.

Nutrient supplementation approaches in the treatment of ADHD

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Minerals, vitamins, amino acids and essential fatty acids), botanicals and multi-ingredient formulas

Rucklidge, J. J., J. Johnstone, and B. J. Kaplan. 2009. Nutrient supplementation approaches in the treatment of ADHD. Expert Rev Neurother 9 (4):461-76.

Meditation therapies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Specific Treatment: Meditation

Krisanaprakornkit, T., C. Ngamjarus, C. Witoonchart, and N. Piyavhatkul. Meditation therapies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Cochrane Database Syst Rev (6):CD006507.

Homeopathy for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder or hyperkinetic disorder

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Homeopathy

Coulter, M. K., and M. E. Dean. 2007. Homeopathy for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder or hyperkinetic disorder. Cochrane Database Syst Rev (4):CD005648.

Guanfacine Extended-Release In Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Guanfacine, an alpha 2A-adrenoceptor agonist

Muir, V. J., and C. M. Perry. Guanfacine extended-release: in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Drugs 70 (13):1693-702.

The treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders with polyunsaturated fatty acids – An effective treatment alternative?

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Polyunsaturated fatty acids

Frolich, J., and M. Dopfner. 2008. [The treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders with polyunsaturated fatty acids – an effective treatment alternative?]. Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 36 (2):109-16.

The role of zinc in the treatment of hyperactivity disorder in children; Uloga cinka u lijecxenju hiperaktivnog poremecaja kod djece

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Zinc

Dodig-Curkovic, K., J. Dovhanj, M. Curkovic, J. Dodig-Radic, and D. Degmecic. 2009. [The role of zinc in the treatment of hyperactivity disorder in children]. Acta Med Croatica 63 (4):307-13.

The influence of short-chain essential fatty acids on children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A double-blind placebo-controlled study

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Short chain fatty acids

Raz, R., R. L. Carasso, and S. Yehuda. 2009. The influence of short-chain essential fatty acids on children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a double-blind placebo-controlled study. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 19 (2):167-77.

The impact of polyunsaturated fatty acids in reducing child attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders.

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: (Omega-6) PUFA, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), or n-6 and n-3 (omega-3) short-chain PUFA supplementation

Transler, C., A. Eilander, S. Mitchell, and N. van de Meer. The impact of polyunsaturated fatty acids in reducing child attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders. J Atten Disord 14 (3):232-46.

The role of zinc in the treatment of hyperactivity disorder in children

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Zinc

Dodig-Curkovic, K., J. Dovhanj, M. Curkovic, J. Dodig-Radic, and D. Degmecic. 2009. [The role of zinc in the treatment of hyperactivity disorder in children]. Acta Med Croatica 63 (4):307-13.

Supplementation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, magnesium and zinc in children seeking medical advice for attention-deficit/hyperactivity problems – An observational cohort study

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Supplementation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, magnesium and zinc

Huss, M., A. Volp, and M. Stauss-Grabo. Supplementation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, magnesium and zinc in children seeking medical advice for attention-deficit/hyperactivity problems – an observational cohort study. Lipids Health Dis 9:105.

Successful treatment of bipolar disorder II and ADHD with a micronutrient formula: A case study

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Micronutrients

Rucklidge, J. J., and R. Harrison. Successful treatment of bipolar disorder II and ADHD with a micronutrient formula: a case study. CNS Spectr 15 (5):289-95.

Serum zinc correlates with parent- and teacher-rated inattention in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Zinc

Arnold, L. E., H. Bozzolo, J. Hollway, A. Cook, R. A. DiSilvestro, D. R. Bozzolo, L. Crowl, Y. Ramadan, and C. Williams. 2005. Serum zinc correlates with parent- and teacher- rated inattention in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 15 (4):628-36.

Restricted elimination diet for ADHD: The INCA study

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Ghuman, J. K. Restricted elimination diet for ADHD: the INCA study. Lancet 377 (9764):446-8.

Psychopharmacological and other treatments in preschool children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Current evidence and practice

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Pharmacological

Ghuman, J. K., L. E. Arnold, and B. J. Anthony. 2008. Psychopharmacological and other treatments in preschool children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: current evidence and practice. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 18 (5):413-47.

Platelet MAO in children with attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity: A pilot study

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: d-amphetamine

Shekim, W. O., L. G. Davis, D. B. Bylund, E. Brunngraber, L. Fikes, and J. Lanham. 1982. Platelet MAO in children with attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity: a pilot study. Am J Psychiatry 139 (7):936-8.

Zinc in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Zinc

Arnold, L. E., and R. A. DiSilvestro. 2005. Zinc in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 15 (4):619-27.

Zinc for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Placebo-controlled double-blind pilot trial alone and combined with amphetamine

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Amphetamine

Arnold, L. E., R. A. Disilvestro, D. Bozzolo, H. Bozzolo, L. Crowl, S. Fernandez, Y. Ramadan, S. Thompson, X. Mo, M. Abdel-Rasoul, and E. Joseph. Zinc for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: placebo-controlled double-blind pilot trial alone and combined with amphetamine. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 21 (1):1-19.

Utilization of alternative therapies in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Stubberfield, T., and T. Parry. 1999. Utilization of alternative therapies in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Paediatr Child Health 35 (5):450-3.

Use of complementary medicine in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and epilepsy

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet, homeopathy, acupuncture, biofeedback

Gross-Tsur, V., A. Lahad, and R. S. Shalev. 2003. Use of complementary medicine in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and epilepsy. Pediatr Neurol 29 (1):53-5.

Update on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Type of Therapy: Natural/alternative

Specific Treatment: Diet, iron supplementation, herbal medications, and neurofeedback

Daley, K. C. 2004. Update on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Curr Opin Pediatr 16 (2):217-26.

Treatment of ADHD with French maritime pine bark extract, Pycnogenol®

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Pine Bark extract

Trebaticka, J., S. Kopasova, Z. Hradecna, K. Cinovsky, I. Skodacek, J. Suba, J. Muchova, I. Zitnanova, I. Waczulikova, P. Rohdewald, and Z. Durackova. 2006. Treatment of ADHD with French maritime pine bark extract, Pycnogenol. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 15 (6):329-35.

Supplementation with flax oil and vitamin C improves the outcome of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Flax oil, vitamin C

Joshi, K., S. Lad, M. Kale, B. Patwardhan, S. P. Mahadik, B. Patni, A. Chaudhary, S. Bhave, and A. Pandit. 2006. Supplementation with flax oil and vitamin C improves the outcome of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 74 (1):17-21.

Dietary supplements for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder – A fishy business?

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Kemper, K. J. 2001. Dietary supplements for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder–a fishy business? J Pediatr 139 (2):173-4.

Improvement of neurobehavioral disorders in children supplemented with magnesium-vitamin B6. I. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorders.

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Magnesium, vitamin b6

Mousain-Bosc, M., M. Roche, A. Polge, D. Pradal-Prat, J. Rapin, and J. P. Bali. 2006. Improvement of neurobehavioral disorders in children supplemented with magnesium-vitamin B6. I. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorders. Magnes Res 19 (1):46-52.

Complementary and alternative medicine use in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Type of Therapy: Natural/alternative

Specific Treatment: Modified diet, vitamins, minerals, dietary supplements, aromatherapy, chiropractics

Sinha, D., and D. Efron. 2005. Complementary and alternative medicine use in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Paediatr Child Health 41 (1-2):23-6.

The role of complementary and alternative medicine in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Specific Treatment: Valerian; pycnogenol; primrose oil; melatonin; iron; magnesium; pyridoxine; zinc

Chan, E. 2002. The role of complementary and alternative medicine in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Dev Behav Pediatr 23 (1 Suppl):S37-45.

Use of complementary and alternative medicine for symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Specific Treatment: Faith healing

Bussing, R., B. T. Zima, F. A. Gary, and C. W. Garvan. 2002. Use of complementary and alternative medicine for symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Psychiatr Serv 53 (9):1096-102.

Nutritional supplements in ADHD 4 (multiple letters)

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Greenblatt, J. 1999. Nutritional supplements in ADHD. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 38 (10):1209-11.

Effects of mega vitamin therapy on children with attention deficit disorders

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Vitamins

Haslam, R. H., J. T. Dalby, and A. W. Rademaker. 1984. Effects of megavitamin therapy on children with attention deficit disorders. Pediatrics 74 (1):103-11.

Nutritional supplements in ADHD.

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Greenblatt, J. 1999. Nutritional supplements in ADHD. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 38 (10):1209-11.

Case study: The effectiveness of a dietary supplement regimen in reducing IgG-mediated food sensitivity in ADHD.

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Ritz, B. W., and R. S. Lord. 2005. Case study: The effectiveness of a dietary supplement regimen in reducing IgG-mediated food sensitivity in ADHD. Altern Ther Health Med 11 (3):72-5.

Effect of nutritional supplements on attentional-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Dykman, K. D., and R. A. Dykman. 1998. Effect of nutritional supplements on attentional-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Integr Physiol Behav Sci 33 (1):49-60.

Use of drug therapy in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): maternal views and experiences.

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Stimulant pharmacotherapy

Jackson, D., and K. Peters. 2008. Use of drug therapy in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): maternal views and experiences. J Clin Nurs 17 (20):2725-32.

Use of ADHD drugs in the Nordic countries: A population-based comparison study

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Stimulants

Zoega, H., K. Furu, M. Halldorsson, P. H. Thomsen, A. Sourander, and J. E. Martikainen. Use of ADHD drugs in the Nordic countries: a population-based comparison study. Acta Psychiatr Scand 123 (5):360-7.

Tyrosine supplements for ADHD symptoms with comorbid phenylketonuria

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Tyrosine

Posner, J., D. Gorman, and B. J. Nagel. 2009. Tyrosine supplements for ADHD symptoms with comorbid phenylketonuria. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 21 (2):228-30.

Therapy in ADHD – British Institute recommends: Drugs only in severe cases; Therapie bei ADHS – Britisches Institut empfiehlt: Medikamente nur bei schweren fallen

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Methylphenidate

Matthis, M. 2009. [Therapy of ADHD. British institute recommends: drugs only in severe cases]. MMW Fortschr Med 151 (7):16.

The neuropharmacology of ADHD drugs in vivo: Insights on efficacy and safety

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Psychostimulant releasing agents, eg d-amphetamine; psychostimulant reuptake inhibitors, eg dl-threo-methylphenidate (dl-MPH), and non-stimulant reuptake inhibitors, eg atomoxetine

Heal, D. J., S. C. Cheetham, and S. L. Smith. 2009. The neuropharmacology of ADHD drugs in vivo: insights on efficacy and safety. Neuropharmacology 57 (7-8):608-18.

Taking the stress out of individualizing ADHD drug therapy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Amfebutamone; amphetamine; atomoxetine; clonidine; desipramine; dexamphetamine; imipramine; methylphenidate; modafinil; nortriptyline; risperidone

McLeod, M., T. Laubscher, L. Regier, and B. Jensen. 2009. Taking the stress out of individualizing ADHD drug therapy. Can Fam Physician 55 (9):895-8.

Stimulant drug response in the predominantly inattentive and combined subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Stimulants

Solanto, M., J. Newcorn, L. Vail, S. Gilbert, I. Ivanov, and R. Lara. 2009. Stimulant drug response in the predominantly inattentive and combined subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 19 (6):663-71.

Stimulant drug effects on attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A review of the effects of age and sex of patients

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Stimulants

Cornforth, C., E. Sonuga-Barke, and D. Coghill. Stimulant drug effects on attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a review of the effects of age and sex of patients. Curr Pharm Des 16 (22):2424-33.

Reward processing in male adults with childhood ADHD-a comparison between drug-naoive and methylphenidate-treated subjects.

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Methylphenidate

Stoy, M., F. Schlagenhauf, L. Schlochtermeier, J. Wrase, B. Knutson, U. Lehmkuhl, M. Huss, A. Heinz, and A. Strohle. Reward processing in male adults with childhood ADHD–a comparison between drug-naive and methylphenidate-treated subjects. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 215 (3):467-81.

Parental reporting of adverse drug reactions associated with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications in children attending specialist paediatric clinics in the UK

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Methylphenidate

Tobaiqy, M., D. Stewart, P. J. Helms, J. Williams, J. Crum, C. Steer, and J. McLay. Parental reporting of adverse drug reactions associated with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications in children attending specialist paediatric clinics in the UK. Drug Saf 34 (3):211-9.

New drug therapy of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder–evaluation of efficacy of milnacipran

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Milnacipran

Masuko, H. 2008. [New drug therapy of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder–evaluation of efficacy of milnacipran]. Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi 110 (10):908-11.

Mortality associated with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) drug treatment: A retrospective cohort study of children, adolescents and young adults using the general practice research database

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Stimulants

McCarthy, S., N. Cranswick, L. Potts, E. Taylor, and I. C. Wong. 2009. Mortality associated with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) drug treatment: a retrospective cohort study of children, adolescents and young adults using the general practice research database. Drug Saf 32 (11):1089-96.

Is there an increased risk for drug treated attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children born after in vitro fertilization?

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Methylphenidate or atomixetine

Kallen, A. J., O. O. Finnstrom, A. P. Lindam, E. M. Nilsson, K. G. Nygren, and P. M. Otterblad Olausson. Is there an increased risk for drug treated attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children born after in vitro fertilization? Eur J Paediatr Neurol 15 (3):247-53.

Hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms associated with the use of attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder drugs in children

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Amphetamine; atomoxetine; dexmethylphenidate; methylphenidate; modafinil

Mosholder, A. D., K. Gelperin, T. A. Hammad, K. Phelan, and R. Johann-Liang. 2009. Hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms associated with the use of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder drugs in children. Pediatrics 123 (2):611-6.

Effect of prior stimulant treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on subsequent risk for cigarette smoking and alcohol and drug use disorders in adolescents.

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Stimulants

Wilens, T. E., J. Adamson, M. C. Monuteaux, S. V. Faraone, M. Schillinger, D. Westerberg, and J. Biederman. 2008. Effect of prior stimulant treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on subsequent risk for cigarette smoking and alcohol and drug use disorders in adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162 (10):916-21.

Drug therapy within the ADHD therapeutic system–its significance and limitation

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Drugs

Saito, K. 2008. [Drug therapy within the ADHD therapeutic system–its significance and limitation]. Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi 110 (10):923-31.

Cardiovascular monitoring and stimulant drugs for attention-deficit/ Hyperactivity disorder

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Stimulants

Perrin, J. M., R. A. Friedman, and T. K. Knilans. 2008. Cardiovascular monitoring and stimulant drugs for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Pediatrics 122 (2):451-3.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and complementary/alternative medicine.

Type of Therapy: Natural

Specific Treatment: Diet

Sawni, A. 2008. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and complementary/alternative medicine. Adolesc Med State Art Rev 19 (2):313-26, xi.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Improved understanding and novel drug treatment

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Atomoxetine; dopamine; modafinil; noradrenalin

Marsden, C. A. 2009. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): improved understanding and novel drug treatment. Neuropharmacology 57 (7-8):577-8.

Psychotherapy–a complement to drugs in adult ADHD

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Specific Treatment: Psychotherapy

Hirvikoski, T., C. Haaparanta, A. Brar, and M. Talvik. [Psychotherapy–a complement to drugs in adult ADHD]. Lakartidningen 107 (11):756-9.