Natural Health Science News The latest news and top resources on natural health.

Birth Control Pills – Adverse Effects

Posted January 3, 2012

The birth control pill and its ophthalmologic side effects.

Adverse Effect(s): Ophthalmic side effects

Levinson, J. M. 1969. The birth control pill and its ophthalmologic side effects. Del Med J 41 (4):118-20.

Prenatal exposure to birth control pills: risk of fetal death and congenital malformations

Adverse Effect(s): Fetal death/congenital malformations

Jellesen, R., and A. M. Andersen. 2006. [Prenatal exposure to birth control pills: risk of fetal death and congenital malformations]. Ugeskr Laeger 168 (25):2437-42.

Side effects and oral contraceptive pill (OCP) discontinuation rate in rural Bangladesh.

Adverse Effect(s): Dizziness/weakness/vomiting

Dickey, R. P. 2002. Side effects and oral contraceptive pill (OCP) discontinuation rate in rural Bangladesh. Contraception 65 (6):447; author reply 447-8.

The oral contraceptive pill: Use, user satisfaction, side effects and fears among Manawatu women

Adverse Effect(s): Weight gain

Trlin, A. D., and P. E. Perry. 1982. The oral contraceptive pill: use, user satisfaction, side effects and fears among Manawatu women. N Z Med J 95 (717):700-3.

Experience with side effects among users of injectables, the IUD, and oral contraceptive pills in four urban areas of Honduras.

Adverse Effect(s): Non-specific

Barden-O’Fallon, J., I. Speizer, F. Rodriguez, and J. Calix. 2009. Experience with side effects among users of injectables, the IUD, and oral contraceptive pills in four urban areas of Honduras. Health Care Women Int 30 (6):475-83.

Oral contraceptive pills. Part I: Formulations, selection and common side effects.

Adverse Effect(s): Non-specific

Lassiter, C. L., and G. R. Meeks. 1990. Oral contraceptive pills. Part I: Formulations, selection and common side effects. J Miss State Med Assoc 31 (8):255-9.

Use of the oral contraceptive pill by Austrian adolescents with emphasis on the age of onset, side effects, compliance and lifestyle.

Adverse Effect(s): Weight gain, an increase in breast size, fatigue and depression

Brunnhuber, S., and S. Kirchengast. 2002. Use of the oral contraceptive pill by Austrian adolescents with emphasis on the age of onset, side effects, compliance and lifestyle. Coll Antropol 26 (2):467-75.

Adolescent compliance and side effects with Quick Start initiation of oral contraceptive pills

Adverse Effect(s): Non-specific

Lara-Torre, E., and B. Schroeder. 2002. Adolescent compliance and side effects with Quick Start initiation of oral contraceptive pills. Contraception 66 (2):81-5.

Risk of ischemic stroke among users of the oral contraceptive pill: The Melbourne Risk Factor Study (MERFS) Group

Adverse Effect(s): Stroke

Siritho, S., A. G. Thrift, J. J. McNeil, R. X. You, S. M. Davis, and G. A. Donnan. 2003. Risk of ischemic stroke among users of the oral contraceptive pill: The Melbourne Risk Factor Study (MERFS) Group. Stroke 34 (7):1575-80.

Can changes in sex hormone binding globulin predict the risk of venous thromboembolism with combined oral contraceptive pills? A discussion based on recent recommendations from the European agency for evaluation of medicinal products regarding third gener

Adverse Effect(s): Venous thromboembolism

Odlind, V., I. Milsom, I. Persson, and A. Victor. 2002. Can changes in sex hormone binding globulin predict the risk of venous thromboembolism with combined oral contraceptive pills? Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 81 (6):482-90.

Third generation oral contraceptive pills. Is the scare over the increased risk of thrombosis justified?

Adverse Effect(s): Vein thrombosis

MacRae, K., and C. Kay. 1995. Third generation oral contraceptive pills. BMJ 311 (7013):1112.

Risk of cancer and the oral contraceptive pill

Adverse Effect(s): Cancers

Meirik, O., and T. M. Farley. 2007. Risk of cancer and the oral contraceptive pill. BMJ 335 (7621):621-2.

Risk of HIV infection in oral contraceptive pill users: A meta-analysis

Adverse Effect(s): HIV Infection

Wang, C. C., M. Reilly, and J. K. Kreiss. 1999. Risk of HIV infection in oral contraceptive pill users: a meta-analysis. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 21 (1):51-8.

Can a change in screening and prescribing practice reduce the risk of venous thromboembolism in women taking the combined oral contraceptive pill?

Adverse Effect(s): Venous thromboembolism

Mills, A., C. Wilkinson, and K. Fotherby. 1998. Can a change in screening and prescribing practice reduce the risk of venous thromboembolism in women taking the combined oral contraceptive pill? Br J Fam Plann 23 (4):112-5.

Is there an increased risk of twinning after discontinuation of the oral contraceptive pill?

Adverse Effect(s): Multiple birth (twinning)

Murphy, M. F., M. J. Campbell, and M. Bone. 1989. Is there an increased risk of twinning after discontinuation of the oral contraceptive pill? J Epidemiol Community Health 43 (3):275-9.

Risks and benefits of oral contraceptive pills

Adverse Effect(s):Venous thromboembolism , heart infarction, cerebrovascular accident; hypertension; breast cancer; uterine cervix cancer; liver cell arcinoma; jaundice; nausea; vomiting ; weight gain; depression; carbohydrate metabolism; iabetes mellitus; brain pseudotumo

D’Souza, R. E., and J. Guillebaud. 2002. Risks and benefits of oral contraceptive pills. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 16 (2):133-54.

Measuring perceptions of synergistic circulatory disease risk due to smoking and the oral contraceptive pill

Adverse Effect(s): Stroke

French, D. P., E. L. Gayton, J. Burton, M. Thorogood, and T. M. Marteau. 2002. Measuring perceptions of synergistic circulatory disease risk due to smoking and the oral contraceptive pill. Risk Anal 22 (6):1139-51.

The risks of oral contraceptive pills

Adverse Effect(s): Cardiovascular risk; cancer risk; heart infarction –side effect; stroke –side effect; thromboembolism –side effect

Pymar, H. C., and M. D. Creinin. 2001. The risks of oral contraceptive pills. Semin Reprod Med 19 (4):305-12.

Clinical risk factors for venous thromboembolus in users of the combined oral contraceptive pill

Adverse Effect(s): Venous thromboembolism

Black, C., J. A. Kaye, and H. Jick. 2002. Clinical risk factors for venous thromboembolus in users of the combined oral contraceptive pill. Br J Clin Pharmacol 53 (6):637-40.

Women’s knowledge, beliefs, and information needs in relation to the risks and benefits associated with use of the oral contraceptive pill

Adverse Effect(s): Non-specific

Philipson, S., C. E. Wakefield, and N. A. Kasparian. Women’s knowledge, beliefs, and information needs in relation to the risks and benefits associated with use of the oral contraceptive pill. J Womens Health (Larchmt) 20 (4):635-42.

Central retinal vein occlusion in young women: rare cases with oral contraceptive pills as a risk factor.

Adverse Effect(s): Central retinal vein occlusion

Thapa, R., and G. Paudyal. 2009. Central retinal vein occlusion in young women: rare cases with oral contraceptive pills as a risk factor. Nepal Med Coll J 11 (3):209-11.

Can changes in sex hormone binding globulin predict the risk of venous thromboembolism with combined oral contraceptive pills?

Adverse Effect(s): Venous thromboembolism

Odlind, V., I. Milsom, I. Persson, and A. Victor. 2002. Can changes in sex hormone binding globulin predict the risk of venous thromboembolism with combined oral contraceptive pills? Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 81 (6):482-90.

Insulin-sensitising drugs versus the combined oral contraceptive pill for hirsutism, acne and risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and endometrial cancer in polycystic ovary syndrome

Adverse Effect(s): Diabetes/cardiovascular/ cancer

Costello, M., B. Shrestha, J. Eden, P. Sjoblom, and N. Johnson. 2007. Insulin-sensitising drugs versus the combined oral contraceptive pill for hirsutism, acne and risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and endometrial cancer in polycystic ovary syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev (1):CD005552.