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Marijuana Use – Adverse Effects

Posted January 4, 2012

Case Study: Adverse effects of smoking marijuana while receiving tricyclic antidepressants

Adverse Effect(s): cognitive changes, delirium, and tachycardia

Wilens, T. E., J. Biederman, and T. J. Spencer. 1997. Case study: adverse effects of smoking marijuana while receiving tricyclic antidepressants. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 36 (1):45-8.

Adverse reactions and seeking medical treatment among student cannabis users

Adverse Effect(s): Non-specific

Smart, R. G., and E. M. Adlaf. 1982. Adverse reactions and seeking medical treatment among student cannabis users. Drug Alcohol Depend 9 (3):201-11.

Adverse effects of cannabis.

Adverse Effect(s): Anxiety, panic, Tachycardia, chronic bronchitis

Hall, W., and N. Solowij. 1998. Adverse effects of cannabis. Lancet 352 (9140):1611-6.

Adverse effects of cannabis on health: An update of the literature since 1996

Adverse Effect(s): Chronic inflammatory and precancerous changes

Kalant, H. 2004. Adverse effects of cannabis on health: an update of the literature since 1996. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 28 (5):849-63.

Adverse effects of intravenous cannabis tea.

Adverse Effect(s): nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, watery diarrhea, chills, fever, hypovolemic shock, hypotension, and non-oligemic transitory renal failure. Other manifestations included persistent hypoglycemia, tachycardia, gastrointestinal bleeding, conjunctival hemorrhage, injury, jaundice, splenomegaly, leucocytosis, myalgia, arthralgia, motor weakness, and prostration

Mims, R. B., and J. H. Lee. 1977. Adverse effects of intravenous cannabis tea. J Natl Med Assoc 69 (7):491-5.

Relative value of various etiological factors in short lasting, adverse psychological reactions to cannabis smoking

Adverse Effect(s): emotional disturbances

Negrete, J. C. 1973. Relative value of various etiological factors in short lasting, adverse psychological reactions to cannabis smoking. Br J Addict Alcohol Other Drugs 68 (3):221-9.

Desired effects and adverse effects of cannabis use

Adverse Effect(s): acute psychological and psychomotor disturbances, cancer

Drewe, J. 2003. [Desired effects and adverse effects of cannabis use]. Ther Umsch 60 (6):313-6.

Psychological adverse effects of cannabis smoking: a tentative classification.

Adverse Effect(s): Acute cannabis psychoses, Subacute and chronic cannabis psychoses

Nigrete, J. C. 1973. Psychological adverse effects of cannabis smoking: a tentative classification. Can Med Assoc J 108 (2):195-6 passim.

A multicenter dose-escalation study of the analgesic and adverse effects of an oral cannabis extract (Cannador) for postoperative pain management

Adverse Effect(s): vasovagal adverse event

Holdcroft, A., M. Maze, C. Dore, S. Tebbs, and S. Thompson. 2006. A multicenter dose-escalation study of the analgesic and adverse effects of an oral cannabis extract (Cannador) for postoperative pain management. Anesthesiology 104 (5):1040-6.

The adverse health effects of cannabis use: What are they, and what are their implications for policy?

Adverse Effect(s): dependence, impaired respiratory function, cardiovascular disease, psychotic symptoms,

Hall, W. 2009. The adverse health effects of cannabis use: what are they, and what are their implications for policy? Int J Drug Policy 20 (6):458-66.

Adverse mental health effects of cannabis use in two indigenous communities in Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia: Exploratory study

Adverse Effect(s): anxiety, dependency, mood, vegetative and psychosis.

Clough, A. R., P. d’Abbs, S. Cairney, D. Gray, P. Maruff, R. Parker, and B. O’Reilly. 2005. Adverse mental health effects of cannabis use in two indigenous communities in Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia: exploratory study. Aust N Z J Psychiatry.

Cannabis; adverse effects from an oromucosal spray.

Adverse Effect(s): oral burning sensation, stinging or white lesions

Scully, C. 2007. Cannabis; adverse effects from an oromucosal spray. Br Dent J 203 (6):E12; discussion 336-7.

Adverse effects of cannabis

Adverse Effect(s): amnesia, motor dysfunction, carcinogenesis, dependence, psychosis

Hall, W., and N. Solowij. 1998. Adverse effects of cannabis. Lancet 352 (9140):1611-6.

Adverse effects of cannabis and cannabinoids

Adverse Effect(s): psychosis, aggression; violence, amnesia

Ashton, C. H. 1999. Adverse effects of cannabis and cannabinoids. Br J Anaesth 83 (4):637-49.

A community survey of adverse effects of cannabis use

Adverse Effect(s): anxiety, panic, psychosis

Thomas, H. 1996. A community survey of adverse effects of cannabis use. Drug Alcohol Depend 42 (3):201-7.

Oxidative stress produced by marijuana smoke. An adverse effect enhanced by cannabinoids.

Adverse Effect(s): inflammation, edema, and cell injury in the tracheobronchial mucosa, cancer

Sarafian, T. A., J. A. Magallanes, H. Shau, D. Tashkin, and M. D. Roth. 1999. Oxidative stress produced by marijuana smoke. An adverse effect enhanced by cannabinoids. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 20 (6):1286-93.

Is frequent marijuana smoking harmful to health?

Adverse Effect(s): cancer

Tashkin, D. P. 1993. Is frequent marijuana smoking harmful to health? West J Med 158 (6):635-7.

Marijuana and alcohol: harmful effects.

Adverse Effect(s): Non-specific

Rozett, O. 1971. Marijuana and alcohol: harmful effects. Am J Psychiatry 128 (2):240-1.

Marijuana: harmful or not?

Adverse Effect(s): Non-specific

Layman, F. D. 1978. Marijuana: harmful or not? Tex Dent J 96 (7):6-8.

Estimating harmful effects of cannabis and use for policy makers shifting from one mistake to the next?

Adverse Effect(s): Non-specific

Wittchen, H. U. Estimating harmful effects of cannabis and use for policy makers shifting from one mistake to the next? Addiction 105 (8):1334-5.

Cannabis: what is the extent of its harmful effects?

Adverse Effect(s): psychosis

Jungerman, F. S., R. Laranjeira, and R. A. Bressan. 2005. [Cannabis: what is the extent of its harmful effects?]. Rev Bras Psiquiatr 27 (1):5-6.

Cannabis: How far is it harmful?

Adverse Effect(s): dependence, psychosis

Jungerman, F. S., R. Laranjeira, and R. A. Bressan. 2005. [Cannabis: what is the extent of its harmful effects?]. Rev Bras Psiquiatr 27 (1):5-6.

Side effects of simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use

Adverse Effect(s): headache, nausea, vomiting

Sulkowski, A., and L. Vachon. 1977. Side effects of simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use. Am J Psychiatry 134 (6):691-2.

Adverse Effect(s): tachycardia

Mannion, V. 1999. Case report: adverse effects of taking tricyclic antidepressants and smoking marijuana. Can Fam Physician 45:2683-4.

Adverse reaction to the use of marijuana.

Adverse Effect(s): psychosis

Marten, G. W. 1969. Adverse reaction to the use of marijuana. J Tenn Med Assoc 62 (7):627-30.

Does cannabis use increase the risk of death? Systematic review of epidemiological evidence on adverse effects of cannabis use.

Adverse Effect(s): cancer

Calabria, B., L. Degenhardt, W. Hall, and M. Lynskey. Does cannabis use increase the risk of death? Systematic review of epidemiological evidence on adverse effects of cannabis use. Drug Alcohol Rev 29 (3):318-30.

Adverse marijuana reactions: a critical examination of the literature with selected case material.

Adverse Effect(s): anxiety

Bialos, D. S. 1970. Adverse marijuana reactions: a critical examination of the literature with selected case material. Am J Psychiatry 127 (6):819-23.

The college student and marijuana: Research findings concerning adverse biological and psychological effects

Adverse Effect(s): neurotoxicity, reproductive toxicity

Nicholi, A. M., Jr. 1983. The college student and marijuana: research findings concerning adverse biological and psychological effects. J Am Coll Health 32 (2):73-7.

Adverse health effects of non-medical cannabis use

Adverse Effect(s): dependence, cardiovascular disease

Tormey, W. Adverse health effects of non-medical cannabis use. Lancet 375 (9710):196; author reply 197.

Are the adverse consequences of cannabis use age-dependent?

Adverse Effect(s): dependence, psychosocial disorder

Solowij, N., and B. F. Grenyer. 2002. Are the adverse consequences of cannabis use age-dependent? Addiction 97 (9):1083-6.

Adverse reactions associated with Cannabis products in India.

Adverse Effect(s): psychosis

Grossman, W. 1969. Adverse reactions associated with Cannabis products in India. Ann Intern Med 70 (3):529-33.

Adverse interactions of cannabis with psychotropic medicines.

Adverse Effect(s): Non-specific

Vieweg, W. V., and J. R. Hillard. 1986. Adverse interactions of cannabis with psychotropic medicines. Psychiatr Med 4 (1):69-77.

A clinical sign for persistent harmful cannabis abuse?: a pilot study.

Adverse Effect(s): skin ulcer

Turkson, S. N., O. Obeng-Bekoe, and V. Asamoah. 1996. A clinical sign for persistent harmful cannabis abuse?: a pilot study. East Afr Med J 73 (2):137-9.

Validation of a questionnaire to screen for harmful use of alcohol and cannabis in the general population: CRAFFT-ADOSPA

Adverse Effect(s): dependence

Karila, L., S. Legleye, F. Beck, E. Corruble, B. Falissard, and M. Reynaud. 2007. [Validation of a questionnaire to screen for harmful use of alcohol and cannabis in the general population: CRAFFT-ADOSPA]. Presse Med 36 (4 Pt 1):582-90.

Side effects of pharmaceuticals not elicited by comparable herbal medicines: the case of tetrahydrocannabinol and marijuana.

Adverse Effect(s): anxiety

McPartland, J. M., and P. L. Pruitt. 1999. Side effects of pharmaceuticals not elicited by comparable herbal medicines: the case of tetrahydrocannabinol and marijuana. Altern Ther Health Med 5 (4):57-62.

A longitudinal study of the predictors of the adverse effects of alcohol and marijuana/hashish use among a cohort of high risk youths

Adverse Effect(s): dependence

Dembo, R., L. Williams, J. Schmeidler, and W. Wothke. 1993. A longitudinal study of the predictors of the adverse effects of alcohol and marijuana/hashish use among a cohort of high risk youths. Int J Addict 28 (11):1045-83.

Adverse effects of marijuana: selected issues.

Adverse Effect(s): cancer

Cohen, S. 1981. Adverse effects of marijuana: selected issues. Ann N Y Acad Sci 362:119-24.

Long-term adverse effects of brief marijuana usage

Adverse Effect(s): Mental disease

Gersten, S. P. 1980. Long-term adverse effects of brief marijuana usage. J Clin Psychiatry 41 (2):60-1.

The adverse effects of cannabinoids: Implications for use of medical marijuana

Adverse Effect(s): dependence, cardiovascular disease

Degenhardt, L., and W. D. Hall. 2008. The adverse effects of cannabinoids: implications for use of medical marijuana. CMAJ 178 (13):1685-6.

Adverse interaction between disulfiram and marijuana: A case report

Adverse Effect(s): Non-specific

Lacoursiere, R. B., and R. Swatek. 1983. Adverse interaction between disulfiram and marijuana: a case report. Am J Psychiatry 140 (2):243-4.

Atomoxetine for treatment of marijuana dependence: A report on the efficacy and high incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events in a pilot study

Adverse Effect(s): gastrointestinal adverse effects

Tirado, C. F., M. Goldman, K. Lynch, K. M. Kampman, and C. P. Obrien. 2008. Atomoxetine for treatment of marijuana dependence: a report on the efficacy and high incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events in a pilot study. Drug Alcohol Depend 94 (1-3):25

Adverse effects of marijuana

Adverse Effect(s): postural syncope, arteritis, chronic bronchitis, amnesia

Mallaret, M., D. Dal’Bo-Rohrer, and M. Dematteis. 2005. [Adverse effects of marijuana]. Rev Prat 55 (1):41-9.

Marijuana and adverse psychotic reactions. Evaluation of different factors involved.

Adverse Effect(s): psychosis

Chopra, G. S. 1971. Marijuana and adverse psychotic reactions. Evaluation of different factors involved. Bull Narc 23 (3):15-22.