Natural Health Science News The latest news and top resources on natural health.

Colon Cancer – Screening Methods

Posted January 3, 2012

Changes in renal function following administration of oral sodium phosphate or polyethylene glycol for colon cleansing before colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Abaskharoun, R., W. Depew, and S. Vanner. 2007. Changes in renal function following administration of oral sodium phosphate or polyethylene glycol for colon cleansing before colonoscopy. Can J Gastroenterol 21 (4):227-31.

Intestinal Obstruction From Diaphragmatic Hernia Following Colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Raymer, G. S., D. E. Hartman, W. A. Rowe, R. F. Werkman, and K. L. Koch. 2003. An open-label trial of L-glucose as a colon-cleansing agent before colonoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 58 (1):30-5.

The prevalence and significance of occult blood loss in patients with predialysis advanced chronic renal failure (CRF), or receiving dialytic therapy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Palmirotta, R., M. C. Veri, M. C. Curia, G. Aceto, F. D’Amico, D. L. Esposito, P. Arcuri, R. Mariani-Costantini, L. Messerini, S. Mori, A. Cama, and P. Battista. 1998. Transcripts with splicings of exons 15 and 16 of the hMLH1 gene in normal lymphocytes: implications in RNA-based mutation screening of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer. Eur J Cancer 34 (6):927-30.

Complications and adverse effects of colonoscopy with selective sedation

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Rustagi, T. Intestinal obstruction from diaphragmatic hernia following colonoscopy. Am J Med Sci 341 (5):423-5.

A retrospective chart review investigating the use of colonoscopy in the elderly

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Loeve, F., R. Boer, G. J. van Oortmarssen, M. van Ballegooijen, and J. D. Habbema. 1999. The MISCAN-COLON simulation model for the evaluation of colorectal cancer screening. Comput Biomed Res 32 (1):13-33.

Aer-O-scope: Self-propelling self-navigating skill-independent colonoscopy; a new era in screening colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Akmal, M., S. Sawelson, F. Karubian, and M. Gadallah. 1994. The prevalence and significance of occult blood loss in patients with predialysis advanced chronic renal failure (CRF), or receiving dialytic therapy. Clin Nephrol 42 (3):198-202.

Is bowel preparation before colonoscopy a risky business for the kidney?

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Lansdorp-Vogelaar, I., K. M. Kuntz, A. B. Knudsen, J. A. Wilschut, A. G. Zauber, and M. van Ballegooijen. Stool DNA testing to screen for colorectal cancer in the Medicare population: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Ann Intern Med 153 (6):368-77.

Imaging Evaluation of Complications at Optical Colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Eckardt, V. F., G. Kanzler, T. Schmitt, A. J. Eckardt, and G. Bernhard. 1999. Complications and adverse effects of colonoscopy with selective sedation. Gastrointest Endosc 49 (5):560-5.

Risks of Colonoscopy and Polypectomy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Kohonen-Corish, M., V. L. Ross, W. F. Doe, D. A. Kool, E. Edkins, I. Faragher, J. Wijnen, P. M. Khan, F. Macrae, and D. J. St John. 1996. RNA-based mutation screening in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. Am J Hum Genet 59 (4):818-24.

Serious Complications Within 30 Days of Screening and Surveillance Colonoscopy Are Uncommon

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Calistri, D., C. Rengucci, R. Bocchini, L. Saragoni, W. Zoli, and D. Amadori. 2003. Fecal multiple molecular tests to detect colorectal cancer in stool. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 1 (5):377-83.

The yield of colonoscopy in patients with non-constipated irritable bowel syndrome: Results from a prospective, controlled US trial

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Lien, Y. H. 2008. Is bowel preparation before colonoscopy a risky business for the kidney? Nat Clin Pract Nephrol 4 (11):606-14.

Influence of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in faecal occult blood tests

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Kim, D. H., P. J. Pickhardt, A. J. Taylor, and C. O. Menias. 2008. Imaging evaluation of complications at optical colonoscopy. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol 37 (4):165-77.

Case report: Colonoscopy-associated splenic injury in a 56-year-old woman

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Pickhardt, P. J., and D. H. Kim. 2009. Colorectal cancer screening with CT colonography: key concepts regarding polyp prevalence, size, histology, morphology, and natural history. AJR Am J Roentgenol 193 (1):40-6.

Eosinophilic colitis complicating anti-epileptic hypersensitivity syndrome: An indication for colonoscopy?

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Greilich, P. E., C. D. Virella, J. M. Rich, M. Kurada, K. Roberts, J. F. Warren, and W. V. Harford. 2001. Remifentanil versus meperidine for monitored anesthesia care: a comparison study in older patients undergoing ambulatory colonoscopy. Anesth Analg 92 (1):80-4.

Registered nurse-administered propofol sedation for upper endoscopy and colonoscopy: Why? When? How?

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

van Gelder, R. E., J. Florie, and J. Stoker. 2005. Colorectal cancer screening and surveillance with CT colonography: current controversies and obstacles. Abdom Imaging 30 (1):5-12.

Acute phosphate nephropathy following colonoscopy preparation

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Duncan, J. E., W. B. Sweeney, J. L. Trudel, R. D. Madoff, and A. F. Mellgren. 2006. Colonoscopy in the elderly: low risk, low yield in asymptomatic patients. Dis Colon Rectum 49 (5):646-51.

Colonography by CT, MRI and PET/CT combined with conventional colonoscopy in colorectal cancer screening and staging

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonography/colonscopy

Genuardi, M., A. Viel, D. Bonora, E. Capozzi, A. Bellacosa, F. Leonardi, R. Valle, A. Ventura, M. Pedroni, M. Boiocchi, and G. Neri. 1998. Characterization of MLH1 and MSH2 alternative splicing and its relevance to molecular testing of colorectal cancer susceptibility. Hum Genet 102 (1):15-20.

Life threatening hyperphosphataemia after administration of sodium phosphate in preparation for colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Jonas, S., C. Wild, and C. Schamberger. 2003. [“Screening” in special situations. Assessing predictive genetic screening for hereditary breast and colorectal cancer]. Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 97 (1):67-71.

Positive predictive value of fecal occult blood testing in persons taking warfarin

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Seol, D. C., S. N. Hong, J. H. Kim, I. K. Sung, H. S. Park, J. H. Lee, and C. S. Shim. Change in renal function after sodium phosphate preparation for screening colonoscopy. World J Gastroenterol 16 (16):2010-6.

Monitoring disease activity by stool analyses: from occult blood to molecular markers of intestinal inflammation and damage

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Ko, C. W., S. Riffle, L. Michaels, C. Morris, J. Holub, J. A. Shapiro, M. A. Ciol, M. B. Kimmey, L. C. Seeff, and D. Lieberman. Serious complications within 30 days of screening and surveillance colonoscopy are uncommon. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 8 (2):166-73.

Do aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs cause false-positive fecal occult blood tests (FOBT)? A prospective cohort study.

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Chey, W. D., B. Nojkov, J. H. Rubenstein, R. R. Dobhan, J. K. Greenson, and B. D. Cash. The yield of colonoscopy in patients with non-constipated irritable bowel syndrome: results from a prospective, controlled US trial. Am J Gastroenterol 105 (4):859-65.

Splenic rupture after colonoscopy: Case report and literature review

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Nakama, H., B. Zhang, A. S. Fattah, and X. Zhang. 2001. Diagnostic yield of positive immunochemical occult-blood test by digital rectal examination: comparison between subjects with and without haemorrhoids. Dig Liver Dis 33 (4):390.

Complications of Pediatric Colonoscopy: A Five-Year Multicenter Experience

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Aslinia, F. M., and E. C. Von Rosenvinge. Case report: colonoscopy-associated splenic injury in a 56-year-old woman. Am Fam Physician 83 (7):786.

Efficacy and Safety of Colonoscopy in the UK NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Atkinson, R. J., G. Dennis, S. S. Cross, M. E. McAlindon, B. Sharrack, and D. S. Sanders. 2004. Eosinophilic colitis complicating anti-epileptic hypersensitivity syndrome: an indication for colonoscopy? Gastrointest Endosc 60 (6):1034-6.

Significance of a positive test for occult blood in stools of patients taking anti-inflammatory drugs

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Rex, D. K., C. A. Overley, and J. Walker. 2003. Registered nurse-administered propofol sedation for upper endoscopy and colonoscopy: Why? When? How? Rev Gastroenterol Disord 3 (2):70-80.

Chromium 51 test for measurement of occult blood loss from the gastrointestinal tract during prolonged antiinflammatory treatment

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Carl, D. E., and D. A. Sica. 2007. Acute phosphate nephropathy following colonoscopy preparation. Am J Med Sci 334 (3):151-4.

Does colonoscopy by a skilled endoscopist cause any adverse effects in quiescent ulcerative colitis patients? a case-control study.

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Sun, L., H. Wu, and Y. S. Guan. 2008. Colonography by CT, MRI and PET/CT combined with conventional colonoscopy in colorectal cancer screening and staging. World J Gastroenterol 14 (6):853-63.

Splenic Rupture as a Complication of Colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Lifton, L. J., and J. Kreiser. 1982. False-positive stool occult blood tests caused by iron preparations. A controlled study and review of literature. Gastroenterology 83 (4):860-3.

Assessment of faecal occult blood loss by qualitative and quantitative methods

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Azzam, I., Y. Kovalev, S. Storch, and N. Elias. 2004. Life threatening hyperphosphataemia after administration of sodium phosphate in preparation for colonoscopy. Postgrad Med J 80 (946):487-8.

Does the patient with a positive fecal occult blood test, who at the same time is taking a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, require further evaluation to rule out a colorectal cancer? 3

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Bini, E. J., R. C. Rajapaksa, and E. H. Weinshel. 2005. Positive predictive value of fecal occult blood testing in persons taking warfarin. Am J Gastroenterol 100 (7):1586-92.

Fecal occult blood testing in thrombolytic therapy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Foell, D., H. Wittkowski, and J. Roth. 2009. Monitoring disease activity by stool analyses: from occult blood to molecular markers of intestinal inflammation and damage. Gut 58 (6):859-68.

Splenic rupture as a complication of colonoscopy: Report of a case

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Tsoraides, S. S., S. K. Gupta, and N. C. Estes. 2007. Splenic rupture after colonoscopy: case report and literature review. J Trauma 62 (1):255-7.

Low-Dose Aspirin Use and Performance of Immunochemical Fecal Occult Blood Tests

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Ell, C., W. Fischbach, R. Keller, M. Dehe, G. Mayer, B. Schneider, U. Albrecht, and W. Schuette. 2003. A randomized, blinded, prospective trial to compare the safety and efficacy of three bowel-cleansing solutions for colonoscopy (HSG-01*). Endoscopy 35 (4):300-4.

Colon cleaning during colonoscopy: A new mechanical cleaning device tested in a porcine model

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Thakkar, K., H. B. El-Serag, N. Mattek, and M. Gilger. 2008. Complications of pediatric colonoscopy: a five-year multicenter experience. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 6 (5):515-20.

Medications with anticoagulant properties increase the likelihood of a negative colonoscopy in faecal occult blood test population screening

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy/Occult blood

Bahrt, K. M., L. Y. Korman, and D. J. Nashel. 1984. Significance of a positive test for occult blood in stools of patients taking anti-inflammatory drugs. Arch Intern Med 144 (11):2165-6.

Propofol versus remifentanil for monitored anaesthesia care during colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Barber, M. D., A. Abraham, W. G. Brydon, B. M. Waldron, and A. J. Williams. 2002. Assessment of faecal occult blood loss by qualitative and quantitative methods. J R Coll Surg Edinb 47 (2):491-4.

Bowel preparation before colonoscopy in the era of mass screening for colo-rectal cancer: A practical approach

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Babb, R. R. 2005. Does the patient with a positive fecal occult blood test, who at the same time is taking a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, require further evaluation to rule out a colorectal cancer? J Clin Gastroenterol 39 (10):921.

Advanced colon cancer before the age of 20 years: A case for extension of the current colonoscopy surveillance guidelines in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Pothula, A., J. Lampert, H. Mazeh, D. Eisenberg, and H. Y. Shen. Splenic rupture as a complication of colonoscopy: report of a case. Surg Today 40 (1):68-71.

Colonoscopy – Is there any optimal way of preparation?; Kolonoskopia – Czy istnieje optymalny sposob przygotowania do badania?

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Brenner, H., S. Tao, and U. Haug. Low-dose aspirin use and performance of immunochemical fecal occult blood tests. JAMA 304 (22):2513-20.

Editorial: When inexpensive tests have expensive outcomes: Faecal occult blood tests as an example

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Fritscher-Ravens, A., C. A. Mosse, T. Mills, K. Ikeda, and P. Swain. 2006. Colon cleaning during colonoscopy: a new mechanical cleaning device tested in a porcine model. Gastrointest Endosc 63 (1):141-3.

Colonoscopic surveillance of patients with a family history of colon cancer and a history of normal colonoscopy: Is a five-year interval between colonoscopies appropriate?

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Clarke, P., F. Jack, F. A. Carey, and R. J. Steele. 2006. Medications with anticoagulant properties increase the likelihood of a negative colonoscopy in faecal occult blood test population screening. Colorectal Dis 8 (5):389-92.

Screening for colon cancer: A review of current and future strategies

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy/Occult blood/sigmoidoscopy

Hlivko, J. T., E. J. Esber, J. A. Porter, and C. H. Kefalas. Small-bowel obstruction precipitated by bowel preparation for screening colonoscopy. Endoscopy 42 Suppl 2:E220.

Use and abuse of faecal occult blood tests in an acute hospital inpatient setting

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Kershenbaum, A., I. Lavi, G. Rennert, and R. Almog. Fecal occult blood test performance indicators in warfarin-treated patients. Dis Colon Rectum 53 (2):224-9.

A review of current issues underlying colon cleansing before colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Moerman, A. T., L. A. Foubert, L. L. Herregods, M. M. Struys, D. J. De Wolf, D. A. De Looze, M. M. De Vos, and E. P. Mortier. 2003. Propofol versus remifentanil for monitored anaesthesia care during colonoscopy. Eur J Anaesthesiol 20 (6):461-6.

Objective assessment of the antispasmodic effect of Shakuyaku-kanzo-to (TJ-68), a Chinese herbal medicine, on the colonic wall by direct spraying during colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Parente, F., B. Marino, and C. Crosta. 2009. Bowel preparation before colonoscopy in the era of mass screening for colo-rectal cancer: a practical approach. Dig Liver Dis 41 (2):87-95.

Comparison of two cathartic preparations, peg-electrolytes solution and sodium phosphate salts, as means for large bowel preparation for colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Kronborg, O. 2002. Colon polyps and cancer. Endoscopy 34 (1):69-72.

Positive fecal occult blood tests in patients taking NSAIDs

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Rex, D. K. 2000. Colon tumors and colonoscopy. Endoscopy 32 (11):874-83.

Is splenic injury from colonoscopy malpractice

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Wong, V. K., E. M. Yoshida, A. G. Ryan, S. G. Ho, and B. Salh. 2004. Advanced colon cancer before the age of 20 years: a case for extension of the current colonoscopy surveillance guidelines in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome. Can J Gastroenterol 18 (5):319-20.

Harvard Report on Cancer Prevention. Volume 3: Prevention of colon cancer in the United States

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Sigmoidoscopy

Duggan, A. When inexpensive tests have expensive outcomes: faecal occult blood tests as an example. Intern Med J 40 (2):91-3.

Extracolonic findings at virtual colonoscopy: An important consideration in asymptomatic colorectal cancer screening

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Manukyan, M. N., K. Tolan, U. Severge, W. Attaallah, A. Kebudi, and A. Cingi. Prospective randomized comparison of oral sodium phosphate and sennoside A+B calcium lavage for colonoscopy preparation. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 21 (2):90-3.

Safety measures and current preferences for sedation during colonoscopy: How to ensure repeat customers in the aging society

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Schoenfeld, P. S., and R. K. Fincher. 2003. Colonoscopic surveillance of patients with a family history of colon cancer and a history of normal colonoscopy: is a five-year interval between colonoscopies appropriate? Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 1 (4):310-4.

Severe hyponatremia and seizure following a polyethylene glycol-based bowel preparation for colonoscopy 1

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Weinberg, D. S., and B. L. Strom. 1995. Screening for colon cancer: a review of current and future strategies. Semin Oncol 22 (5):433-47.

Sedation and the technical performance of colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Pashankar, D. S., A. Uc, and W. P. Bishop. 2004. Polyethylene glycol 3350 without electrolytes: a new safe, effective, and palatable bowel preparation for colonoscopy in children. J Pediatr 144 (3):358-62.

Procedure-related abdominal discomfort in patients undergoing colorectal cancer screening: A comparison of colonoscopy and flexible sigmoidoscopy.

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy/sigmoidoscopy

Hookey, L. C., and S. Vanner. 2007. A review of current issues underlying colon cleansing before colonoscopy. Can J Gastroenterol 21 (2):105-11.

Injuries sustained by colorectal surgeons performing colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Ai, M., T. Yamaguchi, T. Odaka, K. Mitsuhashi, T. Shishido, J. Yan, A. Seza, and H. Saisho. 2006. Objective assessment of the antispasmodic effect of shakuyaku-kanzo-to (TJ-68), a Chinese herbal medicine, on the colonic wall by direct spraying during colonoscopy. World J Gastroenterol 12 (5):760-4.

Intraoperative colonoscopy during laparoscopic bowel resection 18

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Rex, D. K. Is splenic injury from colonoscopy malpractice? Am J Gastroenterol 105 (4):957-8; author reply 958-9.

Endoscopic findings in the upper gastrointestinal tract of faecal occult blood-positive, colonoscopy-negative patients

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy/Occult Blood

Benter, T., C. Kurz, M. Schuler, E. Vinis, U. Gottschalk, and H. Koop. 2009. [Splenic injury after colonoscopy: a retrospective study and review of the literature]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 134 (37):1804-7.

Colonoscopy and therapeutic intervention in infants and children

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Tomeo, C. A., G. A. Colditz, W. C. Willett, E. Giovannucci, E. Platz, B. Rockhill, H. Dart, and D. J. Hunter. 1999. Harvard Report on Cancer Prevention. Volume 3: prevention of colon cancer in the United States. Cancer Causes Control 10 (3):167-80.

Cecal volvulus after colonoscopy.

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Kimberly, J. R., K. C. Phillips, P. Santago, J. Perumpillichira, R. Bechtold, B. Pineau, D. Vining, and R. S. Bloomfeld. 2009. Extracolonic findings at virtual colonoscopy: an important consideration in asymptomatic colorectal cancer screening. J Gen Intern Med 24 (1):69-73.

Splenic injury as a rare complication of colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonscopy

Nagler, J., D. Poppers, and M. Turetz. 2006. Severe hyponatremia and seizure following a polyethylene glycol-based bowel preparation for colonoscopy. J Clin Gastroenterol 40 (6):558-9.

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction after colonoscopy in a young woman on narcotics 1

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Rex, D. K., and H. K. Khalfan. 2005. Sedation and the technical performance of colonoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am 15 (4):661-72.

Splenic injury after colonoscopy: Conservative management using CT

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Thomeer, M., D. Vanbeckevoort, D. Bielen, L. Beenen, A. Gevers, R. Rutgeerts, and G. Marchal. 2001. Virtual colonoscopy: a new screening tool for colorectal cancer? JBR-BTR 84 (4):155-63.

Sympathovagal balance fluctuates during colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Zubarik, R., E. Ganguly, D. Benway, N. Ferrentino, P. Moses, and J. Vecchio. 2002. Procedure-related abdominal discomfort in patients undergoing colorectal cancer screening: a comparison of colonoscopy and flexible sigmoidoscopy. Am J Gastroenterol 97 (12):3056-61.

Splenic rupture following colonoscopy, a rare complication

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonscopy

Liberman, A. S., I. Shrier, and P. H. Gordon. 2005. Injuries sustained by colorectal surgeons performing colonoscopy. Surg Endosc 19 (12):1606-9.

Splenic Laceration Following Routine Colonoscopy

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Friedman, S., P. H. Rubin, C. Bodian, N. Harpaz, and D. H. Present. 2008. Screening and surveillance colonoscopy in chronic Crohn’s colitis: results of a surveillance program spanning 25 years. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 6 (9):993-8; quiz 953-4.

An audit of the utility of in-patient fecal occult blood testing

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Occult Blood

Tu, R. H., P. Grewall, J. W. Leung, A. G. Suryaprasad, P. I. Sheykhzadeh, C. Doan, J. C. Garcia, N. Zhang, T. Prindiville, S. Mann, and W. Trudeau. 2006. Diphenhydramine as an adjunct to sedation for colonoscopy: a double-blind randomized, placebo-controlled study. Gastrointest Endosc 63 (1):87-94.

Complications and adverse effects of colonoscopy with selective sedation.

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Asao, T., and Y. Nagamachi. 1995. Intraoperative colonoscopy during laparoscopic bowel resection. Lancet 345 (8957):1123.

Surveillance after positive and negative colonoscopy examinations: Issues, yields, and use

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Hisamuddin, K., N. A. Mowat, and P. S. Phull. 2006. Endoscopic findings in the upper gastrointestinal tract of faecal occult blood-positive, colonoscopy-negative patients. Dig Liver Dis 38 (7):503-7.

Risk of perforation after colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy: A population-based study.

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Wyllie, R., and M. H. Kay. 1994. Colonoscopy and therapeutic intervention in infants and children. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am 4 (1):143-60.

Rupture of an aneurysm of the right external iliac artery as a complication of colonoscopy 14

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonoscopy

Viney, R., S. V. Fordan, W. E. Fisher, and G. Ergun. 2002. Cecal volvulus after colonoscopy. Am J Gastroenterol 97 (12):3211-2.

Virtual colonoscopy by MRI: State-of-the-art and future directions

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Treatment: Virtual Colonoscopy

Stengel, J. Z., and D. P. Jones. 2008. Single-dose lubiprostone along with split-dose PEG solution without dietary restrictions for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Am J Gastroenterol 103 (9):2224-30.

Risk of impaired renal function after colonoscopy: A cohort study in patients receiving either oral sodium phosphate or polyethylene glycol

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colonscopy

Longacre, A. V., and H. Aslanian. 2006. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction after colonoscopy in a young woman on narcotics. J Clin Gastroenterol 40 (3):225.

Valuing personalized medicine: Willingness to pay for genetic testing for colorectal cancer risk

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Treatment: Genetic Testing

Prowda, J. C., S. G. Trevisan, and A. S. Lev-Toaff. 2005. Splenic injury after colonoscopy: conservative management using CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol 185 (3):708-10.

Transcripts with splicings of exons 15 and 16 of the hHLH1 gene in normal lymphocytes: Implications in RNA-based mutation screening of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Treatment: Genetic Testing

Petelenz, M., M. Gonciarz, P. Macfarlane, R. Rudner, P. Kawecki, J. Musialik, P. Jalowiecki, and Z. Gonciarz. 2004. Sympathovagal balance fluctuates during colonoscopy. Endoscopy 36 (6):508-14.

The MISCAN-COLON simulation model for the evaluation of colorectal cancer screening

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Treatment: MISCAN-COLON simulation model

de Vries, J., H. R. Ronnen, A. P. Oomen, and R. K. Linskens. 2009. Splenic rupture following colonoscopy, a rare complication. Neth J Med 67 (6):230-3.

Stool DNA testing to screen for colorectal cancer in the Medicare population: a cost-effectiveness analysis.

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Treatment: Stool DNA Testing

Desai, B. Splenic laceration following routine colonoscopy. South Med J 103 (11):1181-3.

Screening for colorectal cancer

Type of Therapy: Conventional

Treatment: Colorectal screening (general)

Sharma, V. K., S. Komanduri, S. Nayyar, A. Headly, P. Modlinger, D. C. Metz, V. J. Verghese, A. Wanahita, M. F. Go, and C. W. Howden. 2001. An audit of the utility of in-patient fecal occult blood testing. Am J Gastroenterol 96 (4):1256-60.

RNA-based mutation screening in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Treatment: Genetic Testing

Eckardt, V. F., G. Kanzler, T. Schmitt, A. J. Eckardt, and G. Bernhard. 1999. Complications and adverse effects of colonoscopy with selective sedation. Gastrointest Endosc 49 (5):560-5.

Fecal multiple molecular tests to detect colorectal cancer in stool

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Treatment: Stool DNA Testing

Schoen, R. E. 2003. Surveillance after positive and negative colonoscopy examinations: issues, yields, and use. Am J Gastroenterol 98 (6):1237-46.

Colorectal cancer screening: Is capsule endoscopy an alternative?

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Treatment: Capsule endoscopy

Gatto, N. M., H. Frucht, V. Sundararajan, J. S. Jacobson, V. R. Grann, and A. I. Neugut. 2003. Risk of perforation after colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy: a population-based study. J Natl Cancer Inst 95 (3):230-6.

Colorectal cancer screening with CT colonography: Key concepts regarding polyp prevalence, size, histology, morphology, and natural history

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Treatment: Colonography

Souto-Ruzo, J., J. Yanez-Lopez, D. Martinez-Ares, M. T. Liz-Lois Palomares, and J. L. Vazquez-Iglesias. 2003. Rupture of an aneurysm of the right external iliac artery as a complication of colonoscopy. Am J Gastroenterol 98 (3):709-10.

Colorectal cancer screening and surveillance with CT colonography: Current controversies and obstacles

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Treatment: Computed tomographic (CT) colonography

Lauenstein, T. C., W. Ajaj, and C. A. Kuehle. 2005. Virtual colonoscopy by MRI: state-of-the-art and future directions. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am 15 (4):797-811.

Characterization of MLH1 and MSH2 alternative splicing and its relevance to molecular testing of colorectal cancer susceptibility

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Treatment: Molecular testing

Patel, V., M. Emmett, C. A. Santa Ana, and J. S. Fordtran. 2007. Pathogenesis of nephrocalcinosis after sodium phosphate catharsis to prepare for colonoscopy: Intestinal phosphate absorption and its effect on urine mineral and electrolyte excretion. Hum Pathol 38 (1):193-4; author reply 194-5.

‘Screening’ in special situations assessing the predictive genetic testing for hereditary breast and colorectal cancer

Type of Therapy: Alternative

Treatment: Genetic Testing

Russmann, S., L. Lamerato, A. Marfatia, S. P. Motsko, J. C. Pezzullo, G. Olds, and J. K. Jones. 2007. Risk of impaired renal function after colonoscopy: a cohort study in patients receiving either oral sodium phosphate or polyethylene glycol. Am J Gastroenterol 102 (12):2655-63.